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Throughout the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, many transformations have taken place in all the areas in which HaMoked has been involved: new laws were passed and new military orders issued; precedent setting judgments were rendered by the courts, international law developed further, and military and political moves constantly changed reality.

The timelines provide chronological presentations of key events and legal developments related to the occupation.
The Permit Regime in the “Seam Zone”
In 2002 Israel starts building a separation wall. The wall is not erected on the Green Line border, as required under international law, but deep inside the occupied territory. Palestinian land is thus trapped within an area designated the “seam zone” – isolated on one side from the rest of the West Bank, and on the other from the State of Israel. With the building of the wall, the military starts imposing a draconian permit regime in the enclosed area, under which, inter alia, every Palestinian who lives inside the “seam zone” or seeks to enter it, is required to obtain a special permit in...
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Family Unification in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
 In 1967, with the onset of the occupation, Israel held a census in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Ever since, with the exception of children under 16, a person who is not listed in the population registry is able, allegedly, to acquire residency status only through the family-unification procedure. Although under the Oslo Accords the powers to administer the population registry in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) were officially transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA), in fact, in all but exceptional cases, Israel prevents the unification of families in the OPT...
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The Policy of Separation between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Despite the geographic divide, the West Bank and Gaza Strip constitute a single integral unit. Palestinians living in these two parts of the OPT share a single national identity, a language and a history. Family ties, social organization, the health care system – all these, and more, cut across the lines that physically separate between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Israel itself has recognized the unity of the two parts of the OPT, and it has been enshrined in the agreements between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. However, since the outbreak of the second intifada, and more so ...
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The Punitive Demolition of Homes
Since 1967, Israel has been demolishing homes of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) as a punitive measure. The military relies on Regulation 119 of the Defense (Emergency) Regulations of the British Mandate, which grants broad discretionary powers to demolish homes. Concurrently, Israel continues to demolish homes on planning grounds, in East Jerusalem and in Area C of the West Bank, where Israeli authorities largely refuse to grant building permits. The Israeli military also demolishes homes in the course of military operations, in both the West Bank and the Gaza St...
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The Status of Palestinians in East Jerusalem
With the occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967, Israel annexed, in contravention of international law, those parts of Jerusalem which were under Jordanian rule from 1948, as well as other extensive West Bank areas near the city. The municipal jurisdiction of West Jerusalem was expanded to include these annexed areas. The annexed Palestinian neighborhoods and villages together became known as East Jerusalem, and the status of permanent Israeli residency was imposed upon their inhabitants. This measure clashed with Israel’s aspirations, stated explicitly by successive Israe...
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Child Registration in the OPT Population Registry
With the onset of the occupation in 1967, Israel conducted a census in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Palestinians who were present in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) were recorded as permanent residents in the population registry. Since then, Israel has allowed only the registration of minors under the age of 16 who have at least one parent who is an OPT resident. In 1995, as part of the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority was given exclusive powers to enter children under the age of 16, including those born abroad, in the population registry. In reality, Israel grossly brea...
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The Right to Be Free from Torture
The right not to be subjected to torture is an absolute right. International law makes no exceptions to the absolute prohibition on torture – which constitutes a crime against humanity – including in circumstances of war or a fight against terror. Torture is defined by the United Nations as "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or in...
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